The BARRIERS to Research Utilization Scale

About the BARRIERS Scale

For more than 40 years, the nursing literature has discussed the gap between the conduct of nursing research and the use of research findings to improve patient care and clinical practice. In 1987, the research team of Funk, Champagne, Tornquist, and Wiese, developed the BARRIERS Scale to assess clinicians’, administrators’, and academicians’ perceptions of barriers to the utilization of research findings in practice.  Items were derived from the literature, from research data, and from the CURN Project Research Utilization Questionnaire (Crane, Pelz, & Horsley, 1977).

The scale, consisting of 29 items, was tested with a sample of registered nurses (n=1,948) who were employed full time in nursing, 924 of whom held clinical positions.  Standard psychometric analyses were performed on the instrument and replicated.  These analyses are described in detail in Funk, Champagne, Tornquist and Wiese (“BARRIERS:  The Barriers to Research Utilization Scale,” Applied Nursing Research, 4, 39-45, 1991).  It is recommended that those wishing to use the BARRIERS Scale read this article.